Maté is a word of 'quichua' origin (mati) that identifies a vase used to drink. In Peru and Rio de la Plata maté is the name of calabash tree fruit ( 'Lagenaria vulgaris') used to contain an infusion of herbs original of Paraguay (Olex Paraguariensis). The use of this container spread through South America in a way that also the infusion assumed the name of maté (Yerba Mate). Yerba Mate (pronounced "yerba mahtay") is a medicinal and cultural drink of ancient origins. Introduced to the world by the Guarani Indians of South America, Mate contains ingredients that help keep its drinkers healthy and energetic. Mate became the most common ingredient in household cures of the Guarani, and now, more than a drink, Yerba Mate has become a cultural phenomenon throughout South America. In current practice in modern Argentina and Paraguay, Mate tea is made from the leaves steeped in hot water. Actually, a large quantity of ground leaf is first soaked in cold water, and then the hot water is added, over and over again, until all the good stuff has been extracted. In between each addition of hot water the tea is ingested through a special wood or metal straw, called a bombilla, that filters out the leafy material. It is also used as a cold beverage.
silver mate
This cup, originally a dried and decorated gourd, can be made out of almost anything these days and in South America Maté is still sipped using a metal or wood bombilla. It is difficult to date a silver maté as they were of artisan production (unmarked). Usually the chronology is made through their style's evaluation . The most ancient were, presumably, of Peruvian origin, but there are documents attesting their existence in Buenos Aires (Argentina) since the beginning of the 18th century. This silver maté stands on a dish (diameter 6 in.) supported by three paw feet. Three squirrels are the base of a cup obtained by a calabash shell with silver ornamentation and finish. It is unmarked and 6 in. high (cm. 15,3).

The silver 'bombilla' is marked '800' (800/1000 silver) and is 8 1/2 in. wide (cm. 21)
silver bombilla mate
silver mate silver mate silver mate
silver mate silver mate silver mate
silver mate silver mate silver mate
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